Pseudoscience & Quackery

“Sound Healing” – From New Age Mysticism to Organized Religion

A couple of years ago I was introduced to Tibetan Sound Healing, a supposedly ancient practice that involved the use of metal bowls known as “singing bowls”to “heal” people. This website, one among many that pop up when you search for “Tibetan Sound Healing”, presents the following “scientific explanation”:

“Scientifically, their magic is explained through the phenomenon of “entrainment”. This occurs when “the powerful rhythmic vibrations of one object, when projected upon a second object with similar frequencies, will cause the object to begin to vibrate in resonance with the first object.” If you believe that we carry in our bodies every trauma, every negative idea or emotion, then in energetic terms, we become “out of tune” with who we are. Each of us is meant to vibrate in harmony with our true essence.”

Tenzin Rinponche, a Tibetan mystic who has written books on various forms of ancient Tibetan “healing” techniques, is the author of Tibetan Sound Healing which helps practitioners “learn to clear obstacles on the level of the body, the energetic and emotional dimensions of being, and the spiritual consciousness”.

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When the subject was discussed a couple of years ago on the Nirmukta Facebook group, the conversation focused mostly on the hilarity of the claims. What I didn’t know back then was how common this notion of “Sound Healing” is in different cultures, both ancient as well as modern.

What is Sound Healing?

As the name indicates, Sound Healing refers to a category of practices in which sound waves from different sources are used to allegedly heal people with various ailments, mental and physical. After my initial exposure to the Tibetan form of Sound Healing, I discovered how widespread belief in Sound Healing really is. The specific claims of the many forms of this pseudoscience vary; some forms claim to use sound vibrations to cure everything from stress to cancer, while others claim that each illness has its own frequency, and that you can have a “conversation” with the frequency of your illness using “healing frequencies”.

So as it turns out, Sound Healing is a form of quackery with the potential to be extremely dangerous (cancer cure, really?) if certain people take it seriously enough, but has somehow not received the attention it deserves from the skeptics community. One of my favorite go-to websites for a skeptical take on such pseudoscience,, doesn’t even have Sound Healing listed. Searching for “Sound Healing” along with the term “skeptic”, the first page of hits on google is filled with “testimonials” from people who were supposedly skeptical before becoming utterly convinced in the efficacy of Sound Healing “therapy”. So not only is there a lot of propaganda on the subject, this entire bucket of woo seems to have practically passed unnoticed under the radar of the skeptical movement!

The top prize for Sound Healing woo goes to a 38 foot high dome in the Mojave desert called the Intergratron, allegedly built “based on the design of Moses’ Tabernacle, the writings of Nikola Tesla and telepathic directions from extraterrestrials”. This website has to be seen to be believed, do check it out. The main attraction at this center of mystical nonsense is a “Sound Bath“, which the website describes as follows:

“The Sound Bath is a 30-minute sonic healing session that you can experience while resting comfortably in the Integratron’s highly resonant, multi-wave sound chamber. We play a series of quartz crystal singing bowls live, each one keyed to the energy centers or chakras of the body, where sound is nutrition for the nervous system.  Imagine lying on comfy mats in the center of this relaxing and resonant high-energy field, while having your body bathed in exquisite sound for 30 minutes. The results are waves of peace, heightened awareness, and relaxation of the mind and body.”


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Does it Work?

Like most pseudoscientific ideas, claims about Sound Healing are extrapolated from elementary scientific facts. A common claim is that “vibrations” are involved in healing. Sound comprises of oscillating vibrations of a certain frequency range that are transferred from a source object by a conducting medium (usually air) to the ear drums. But that’s where the science ends and the pseudoscience begins. There is no scientific evidence that sound vibrations can have curative physiological effects on clinical conditions caused by infections or systemic failure. It is likely that certain forms of sound- soothing music, for example, can lower stress. After all, music can affect our emotional state, with limited psychological changes, a fact that is capitalized on in the burgeoning field of music therapy. But much of the claims in this area are highly exaggerated, without any scientific evidence. There are websites that claim to treat various medical conditions, offering packages that are specific for the heart, kidneys, lungs, liver, muscles, intestines and even for blood pressure!

If you truly want to have your mind boggled with pseudoscientific jargon, “Vibrational Healer” Don Estes is your man. An expert in “vibration science” and author of books on the same subject, Estes is an influential figure in the Sound Healing community. Here is a description about him:

“Don Estes is a professionally trained neuroscientist who has lectured worldwide on sensory science and vibrational medicine. He is founding CEO of InnerSense Inc., and inventor of VibraSound, Sensory Resonance and other transformational technologies which have been featured on CNN, ABC, NBC, ET, Beyond 2000, Next Step, Science Frontiers, and many other media. In 1999 he published Harmonic Law: The Science of Vibration, an encyclopedia of vibrational science, which define the principles of harmonic law. In addition, the book’s master illustration, the Absolute Scale of Relative Cosmic Reality, a large wall chart that illustrates an expanded relative vibrational spectrum from gravity to the quantum. It reveals how absolute values hold the relative scale frequencies together by resolving the difference between the actual and potential components of any reality. It also lays out the progressive evolution of manifested reality and details the microstructure of music, light and sound.”

Estes’ company, Innersense, is evidence that memes such as “vibration” and “resonance” are powerful marketing ploys to sell pseudoscientific mumbo jumbo.

Another strategy used in selling the idea that sound can heal is pointing out that certain undesirable sounds, especially urban and industrial noise, can have negative consequences for mental health. This TED talk is an example. Debate on such subjects often goes in depth into technical aspects of sound technology, but are conspicuously lacking when it comes to scientific evidence for the core claims.

The bottom line is that in order for freethinkers to take claims of Sound Healing seriously, blinded and replicable studies with large sample sizes must be presented in established peer-reviewed journals. As is usual with most pseudosciences, when such standard scientific requirements are proposed, the proponents of these practices resort to special pleading, such as seen in this blog post by the speaker in the above TED video:

“An approach which dismisses any idea or hypothesis because it’s not ‘scientific’ is itself anti-scientific!”
“In a wider context, the stance that assertions are acceptable only if backed by evidence also denies some of the more interesting areas of human thought…”
“Any comprehensive study of sound and music … must involve considering many theses and ideas that are untestable, or at least currently untested.”

Sound Healing and Organized Religion:

We have established that Sound Healing is a mystical New Age-y concept that is expressed in many different cultural traditions, in many different forms. Perhaps unsurprisingly, the idea of healing with sound is also found in the major religious faiths. There are, of course, limitations placed by the core religious beliefs on the appropriation of this pseudoscience by these religions.

Islam: In Islam, the recitation of Koranic texts is often claimed to have healing powers. There are multiple websites making all sorts of claims involving how Koranic recitation is beneficial. Here are a couple of examples:

Recently I came across a hilarious attempt to rationalize superstitious belief in the power of Koranic recitation. This article mentions an experiment done by Al-Huda institute in Canada and replicated by the Reflections school in Karachi. The experiments supposedly establish that the half of an apple exposed to Koranic recitation does not rot, while the half that isn’t does. The article doesn’t link to the methodology of the study, but even ignoring requirements such as sample size and blinding, the experiment should be easy to replicate. And if replicated, such a startling and powerful effect should be easy to have published in a reputed peer-reviewed journal.

Christianity: Sound Healing doesn’t seem to be as common in Christianity as in Islam. But nevertheless, there are a number of websites peddling Christian Sound Healing. Predictably, Biblical readings feature prominently in this form of religious superstition. Some of these claims involve Biblical “divine frequencies”. Jonathan Goodman, director of the Sound Healers Association and author of THE DIVINE NAME: The Sound That Can Change the World, claims on his site that certain chants can help one “resonate with the Christ energy”. Leonard Horowitz and Joseph Puleo, authors of Healing Codes for the Biological Apocalypse, according to this website claim that “The new bible codes, found in the Book of Numbers, include a mathematical electromagnetic frequency code for “miracles” that experts say has already been shown to help repair damaged DNA, the genetic blueprint of life.” The article goes on to say:

“These original sound frequencies were apparently used in the great hymn to St. John the Baptist that, along with many Gregorian chants, were lost centuries ago according to church officials.”

How anyone could have known anything about sound frequencies at the time attributed to the character of John the Baptist, is a puzzling detail not likely to stop these people with a fertile imagination.

Here is more information about the “recently discovered” Bible codes.

Jill Mattson is an artist who promotes Sound Healing, and in her album Paint Your Soul she claims to have used elements from “numerical patterns of sound frequencies encoded in the Bible (Numbers 7:12-83)”.

Hinduism: In the Hindu tradition, Sound Healing is nothing new. To begin with, there is the syllable ‘om’ or ‘aum’.

“Uttering the monosyllable “aum”, the eternal world of Brahman, one who departs leaving the body (at death), he attains the supreme goal” ~ Bhagavad Gita

There is so much woo about the “om” on the internet that I could spend the rest of my life documenting the BS claims. Here are some highlights. There’s a Om-Healing website featuring some truly masterful pseudoscience, a whole series of “Om Frequency” tuning forks and singing bowls, music albums dedicated to Om Healing and even a magazine dedicated to the OM, which often features articles on Om Healing. Then there is this video, a parody of itself:

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The traditional Hindu ‘om’ has seeped into mainstream New Age culture through the popularity of yoga and meditation. But the ‘om’ is just the beginning of Sound Healing superstition in Hinduism. Since it is an amalgamation of various primitive animistic beliefs, religious chants are a mainstay of Hinduism. Mantras, the prayer chants that are alleged to have powerful supernatural effects, are central to Hindu practice. Again, the internet is filled with pseudoscientific claims about the healing powers of the mantras.

Addressing the Problem

Here are a few ideas as a starting point to addressing the problem.

  1. Conducting scientific studies for publication in legitimate peer-reviewed journals. Where real science is concerned, a negative result can be as valuable as a positive one. On a smaller scale, even a simple home experiment debunking the apple hoax perpetuated by the Al Huda institute can make a difference.
  2. Online discussions about the prevalence of this pseudoscience and its potential dangers to society. Sound Healing is a subject that we skeptics hardly ever talk about on our social networks, perhaps because of the apparent futility in addressing it in the Indian context, but certainly because there isn’t much literature on it in the skeptical community. This needs to change.
  3. Raising awareness in daily life. This is particularly important in India, where a large segment of the population engages in one form of this practice or the other. Most of it may be in some benign form, but we all probably have friends and/or family that engage in this practice.
  4. Organizing large events and demonstrations. Trained activists like Professor Narendra Nayak of FIRA can help us design challenges to proponents of Sound Healing.

About the author

Ajita Kamal


  • I’ve also heard one story that chanting the word “Om” (or “Aum”, take your pick!) is said to be actually a breathing exercise and that it helps build stamina!
    You’re right Ajita, you could spend an eternity compiling the claims!
    Great article, hope to see more.

  • I can understand if the comment of mine didn’t get published for whatever reason (even though there was nothing in my comment which was a personal attack or preaching or something not in accordance with Nirmuktha), but removing me from Indian Atheists in addition as some kind of tit for tat says a lot more about you than about me.

    Sorry, but this Nirmukta has a lot of pricks. That’s my unfortunate conclusion.

    I have formed my own Indian Atheist page on FB. I don’t care if I am the only member. At least I don’t have to worry about this frigging site’s sanctimonious attitude and be subject to the whims of some of its members who seem to have a chip on their shoulder and who think that all atheists in India should nurse the egos of this pathetic set.

    If you think this is good riddance, let me assure you that the feeling is mutual.


    • I don’t know about any comment of yours that was deleted. Sometimes comments do not make it past our filters. You might find this hard to understand, but we are not exactly a group that is very much loved by the religious majority, and there is a need for strict moderation of our sites.

      Since only two religious apologists have been removed from our IA facebook page in the past month, I think I have a fairly good idea who you are. You are the same person who was requested politely multiple times in the Chennai group to move to the Indian Atheists Debate Corner group where we are open to having religious apologists (atheistic ones included) debate us. The info section to the Indian Atheists page (not group) clearly lists the guidelines and suggests that people like you are not welcome, and that the IADC is specially designed to accommodate you. You might again find this hard to understand, but the religious majority you defend are intent on preventing us from organizing and building a community of our own, and having such guidelines are elementary to providing a safe place for members of our community.
      Yet you again decided to ignore the guidelines and violated our space.

      Now you come here and call us “pricks” and “pathetic” people with a “sanctimonious” attitude. It’s amusing that the irony of this will not appeal to you. People like you are exactly the reason why we have the rules that we do on our social networks. But instead of also resorting to personal attacks and lowering my standards to your level, I will once again extend my invitation to you to join our Indian Atheists Debate Corner group.
      My ego is not so fragile. I wonder if your wounded one will let you see things a bit more objectively and you will think twice before painting yourself as a martyr who has been wronged by a big bad organization of atheists. Meanwhile, we will continue being a healthy and happy community of freethinkers undeterred by attempts to dilute our purpose and goodwill towards those who truly care about building meaningful relationships between people of reason. We will continue to criticize those who defend superstition and blind faith. We will continue to work towards making India a better country.

  • You are entitled to your opinion, thank you for offering your counterpoint to the many benefits of sound healing and music therapy.
    Here is mine. As a researcher, let me tell you that ‘science’ isn’t everything, that much gets left out when it comes published vs unpublished material and many quantitative studies are not replicable.
    However, if you are looking for science and research, check out neurological music therapist Michael Thaut’s numerous studies showing the benefits of music and sound in terms of brain function and recovery from neurological trauma. Another point that you are missing is that sound healing is based not just on audible sound, but on inaudible sound as well, which exists in everything. Everything is vibration, whether audible or inaudible.
    Just my two cents.

  • @Tiffany Sparrow

    As a researcher, let me tell you that ‘science’ isn’t everything

    What exactly are you a researcher of? Your website says nothing about any science credentials. It says you attended yoga camp, that you are a singer-songwriter, kirtan artist and “healer”. Is the healer title given to yourself by yourself or any actual accredited institution of your country?

    much gets left out when it comes published vs unpublished material

    Which is why we have an increasing push for trial registration.

    many quantitative studies are not replicable

    Which is why non-replicable studies are not considered good science. Replicability is a necessary pre-requisite of science. Merely being quantitative is not an adequate standard.

    I have to constantly remind people here not to fish for random journal articles, just because they agree with their biases. There are plenty of low-quality studies.

    check out neurological music therapist

    You can certainly do science on music and how we react to it. That is not at contest.

    What is at contest is promoting cure claims without getting strong (well replicable) evidence first. Do you think you can cure cancer with music? Do you think:

    “the Intergratron, allegedly built “based on the design of Moses’ Tabernacle, the writings of Nikola Tesla and telepathic directions from extraterrestrials”.”

    is woo or science?

    Most of the actual science claims are quite modest in this regard.

  • Hereby sharing science behind Mantras – somewhat similar to how uttering certain words or in other words making sounds has its benefits..

    In other words any speech is a form of like that…

    Looking forward to see if its true or fake..Sound therapy, Mantras etc..

    Today we know that if you feed any sound into an oscilloscope, every sound has a form attached to it. Similarly, every form has a sound attached to it. Every form in the existence is reverberating in a certain way and creates a certain sound.

    Today, modern science sees the whole existence as reverberations of energy, or basically it means universe is SOUND at different levels of vibrations. Where there is a vibration, there is bound to be a sound. So, that means, the whole existence is a kind of sound, or a complex amalgamation of sounds.

    Mantra means a sound, a certain utterance or a syllable.

    Of these, a few mantras or a few sounds have been identified, which could be like keys. If you use them in a certain way, they become a key to open up a different dimension of life and experience within you.

    So a mantra is not something that you utter. It is something that you strive to become because unless you become the key, existence will not open up for you. Becoming the mantra means you are becoming the key. Only if you are the key can you open the lock. Otherwise someone else has to open it for you and you have to listen to him.

    Mantras could be an extremely good preparatory step. Just one mantra can do such tremendous things to people. They can be an effective force in creating something but only if they come from that kind of a source where there is a complete understanding of all that is sound. When we say “all that is sound,” we are talking about the creation itself. If a mantra comes from that kind of source, with that level of understanding and when the transmission is pure, then mantras can be an effective force.

    Approaching Mantras with Awareness

    There are different types of mantras. Every mantra activates a particular kind of energy in a different part of the body. Without that necessary awareness, just repeating the sound only brings dullness to the mind. Any repetition of the sound always makes your mind dull. But when it is done with proper awareness, with exact understanding of what it is, a mantra could be a very powerful means.

    As a science, it is a very powerful dimension, but if it is imparted without the necessary basis and without creating the necessary situations, it can cause lots of damage because this is a subjective science. There are people who have caused damage to themselves by the improper utterance of something as common as Gayatri mantra.

    Mantra and Sanskrit – What’s the Relationship?

    Mantras always come from a Sanskrit basis, and the basic aspects of Sanskrit language are so sound sensitive. But when different people speak, each one says it in their own way. If the Bengalis say a mantra, they will say it in their own way. If the Tamil people say it, they say it in another way. If the Americans say it, they will say it in a completely different way. Like this, different people who speak different languages, according to what language they have been used to, tend to distort various mantras, unless real training is imparted. Such training is too exhaustive and people do not have that kind of patience or dedication nowadays because it needs an enormous amount of time and involvement.

    Nada Yoga – The Link Between Sound and Form.

    The Sanskrit language is a device, not necessarily a medium of communication. Most of the other languages were made up because we had to refer to something. Initially, they started with just a handful of words and then multiplied them into complex forms. But Sanskrit is a discovered language because today we know that if you feed any sound into an oscilloscope, every sound has a form attached to it. Similarly, every form has a sound attached to it. Every form in the existence is reverberating in a certain way and creates a certain sound.

    When you utter a sound, a form is being created. There is a whole science of using sounds in a particular way so that it creates the right kind of form. We can create powerful forms by uttering sounds in certain arrangements. This is known as the Nada Yoga, the yoga of sound. If you have mastery over the sound you also have mastery over the form that is attached to it.

    When Sanskrit is taught, it has to be learnt by memorizing. The sound is important, not the meaning.

    Sanskrit is one language where form and sound are connected. In English for example, if you say “sun” or “son,” in utterance it is the same, only in spelling it is different. What you write is not the criteria. The sound is the criteria. When you realize what sound is attached to a particular form, you give this sound as the name for that form. Now the sound and the form are connected. If you utter the sound, you are relating to the form – not just psychologically, but existentially, you are connecting with the form. Sanskrit is like a blueprint of the existence. What is in form, we converted into sound. A lot of distortions have happened. How to preserve it in its right form has become a challenge even today since the necessary knowledge, understanding, and awareness is largely missing.

    Sound is More Important than Meaning
    That is the reason why when Sanskrit is taught, it has to be learnt by rote. People just chant the language endlessly. It does not matter whether you know the meaning or not. The sound is important, not the meaning. Meanings are made up in your mind. It is the sound and the form which are connecting. Are you connecting or not? – That is the question. That is why it has become the mother of almost all Indian and European languages, except Tamil. Tamil did not come from Sanskrit. It developed independently. All the other Indian languages and almost all the European languages have their origin in Sanskrit.

    Mantras – How to Benefit From Them
    Music is an arrangement of sounds to generate certain sweetness. Music is a fine arrangement, but still it is like the water flowing. A mantra is not that beautiful aesthetically but it is much more effective.

    After some time it will become so much a part of your system and it will set a certain ambience for you. Mantra is not consciousness but mantra sets the right kind of ambience. Sound will set the right kind of ambience within this physiological, psychological framework and also in the atmosphere.

    Your thoughts most welcome, please keep abuses at bay..just here for sincere debates…and know if it’s true or fake..

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