Pseudoscience & Religion

Dancing With Dead Bodies in West Bengal

Editor’s Note: Images for this report were contributed by Sanjay Karmakar and Anindyasunder. Report is by Sanjay Karmakar. Due to the graphic nature of the images, only a select few have been displayed here. You can view the rest here.

skullHave you ever seen people dancing, holding different parts of dead bodies in their hands? If not, then visit Kurmun, Parui, Palashie, Kubajpur, Arachi and other adjacent areas of those villages in Burdwan on the occasion of ‘Gajon’ which is held on Chaitra Sankranti ( Last day of the Bengali month Chaitra – last day of the Bengali year ). You will find hundreds of ‘Gajon Sanyasis’(Gajon monks) dancing holding parts of dead people, particularly the heads of the dead,  in their hands. Thousands of spectators assemble there to see the awe-inspiring dances of those Sannyasis (monks / ascetics). According to villagers, this practice has been going on for more than a hundred years. Police and district administration do very little to stop the ugly and unhygenic practices. Says the Superindentent of Police of Burdwan, Rajaram Raj Sekharan, ‘I have no knowledge of such incident. I’ll enquire about the matter and take necessary steps to prevent such activities’.

From where do the Gajon Sannyasis collect these bodies? According to one of these Sannyasis, they collect the bodies from different burial grounds. Those who could not  burn the dead bodies due to financial reasons, bury those bodies in the graveyard. Sometimes the relatives of dead children do not burn the bodies and bury them instead. The Sannyasis, collect these bodies from different places and hang them on trees. On the very day of Gajon, which falls inhooks-in-body the middle of March, the Sannyasis bring these decomposed bodies from the tree and move from one village to another with the dead body in their hand.s Large number of people gather around the fair area and enjoy the gruesome scene.

Due to the practice of burying dead children, most of the bodies used are of children. Sometimes the decomposed head or skull is cut off . In the case of babies and small children the entire dangling carcass is taken along and danced with. Bad stench  from the decomposed body and the primitive ways of the sadhus create an ugly atmosphere. Even children are brought to witness this ‘festival’ called  ‘Gajon‘ . The whole scene is primitive and unhealthy, a kind of visual pollution.

But who cares?

According to the General Secretary of the central committee of Science and Rationalists’ Association of India (name of the organization in Bengali is “Bharatiya Bigyan O Yuktibadi Samiti) Mr. Prabir Ghosh,

“our organization is fighting against all these social evil practices. These activities should be stopped. Our Burdwan District wing has submitted a memorandum to the district administration so that such unscientific activities are stopped. But the district administration has done nothing so far.”

gajon-kurmun-10Myself, Sanjay Karmakar, acting as the joint secretary of the Rationalist’s Association, and my group in Burdwan district, have organized awareness programs in the area quite a few times.

General Secretary of the central committee of Humanists’ Association, Sumitra Padmanabhan says:

“this type of dirty and unreasonable activities in the name of religion or tradition should be stopped immediately. These things adversely affect a child’s mind. We want to draw the attention of the local administration towards these criminal practices. Not only is exhuming dead bodies without  permission illegal, creating cruel and disgusting scenes in front of public eye comes under Public Nuisance Act and is punishable by law.”

Most of the images submitted for this article were deemed too graphic for civilized tastes. If you wish to see them you can do so here.

About the author

Sanjay Karmakar


  • This is gruesome. It seriously puts question marks on our progress as civilization. This act is no short of barbarism. After seeing such frightful pictures, if the district admin does not take any action, then they are not worthy of calling themselves humane.
    I don’t understand why the locals are allowing such activities to flourish. Calling such activities as rituals does not give such people the license to do whatever they want to.
    Its really shame for the whole humanity if such practices are not stopped.

  • This is part of TANTRAS, almost modified. Such rituals are available in so many countries. So called Human organisations should not interfere into it. They are using dead skull and body. In tantra this is allowed. That’s why Ananda Marga win the case of Skull Dance in open society as it was dance of Lord Shiva the origin discoverer of TANTRAS.

  • Skull dance by Ananda Marga is part of Tandava dance.
    Bali pratha (slautering of goats) in Kalipujas of Hindus are banned by law. Why Human organisations do not try to stop Kurbani (slautering of cows, goats) in Muslims?

Leave a Comment